The Bourchier and Bowker Pages

Discovering the ancestry of the South African Bowkers, and the English Bourchiers

Queen Elizabeth Tudor, Queen Elizabeth I

Queen Elizabeth Tudor, Queen Elizabeth I

Female 1533 - 1603  (69 years)

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  • Name Elizabeth Tudor 
    Title Queen 
    Suffix Queen Elizabeth I 
    Born 7 Sep 1533  Greenwich Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Female 
    Portraits
    • Link to Marilee Cody's "Tudor England" website
    Title Queen Elizabeth I 
    _UID 519304CACCDAD711BA22B8E68CB2433570A1 
    Died 24 Mar 1603  [2
    Buried 28 Apr 1603  Westminster Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I262  Bourchiers
    Last Modified 4 Apr 2020 

    Father King Henry Tudor, King Henry VIII, Duke of Cornwall,   b. 28 Jun 1491, Greenwich Palace, Greenwich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1547, Whitehall, London, Engand Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Mother Queen Consort Anne Boleyn, Marchioness of Pembroke,   d. 19 May 1536, Tower Green, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married (ABT 25 Jan 1532/1533)  Whitehall Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    _UID 4A00C4FC09D7D711BA22444553540000DEC3 
    Family ID F13  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Elizabeth I of England
    Elizabeth I of England
    Keywords: Picture

  • Notes 
    • Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.

      Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII by second wife, Anne Boleyn, who was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth's birth. Anne's marriage to Henry VIII was annulled, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in 1553, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary. Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels.

      In 1558, Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister to the throne and set out to rule by good counsel.[1] She depended heavily on a group of trusted advisers, led by William Cecil, Baron Burghley. One of her first actions as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement was to evolve into the Church of England. It was expected that Elizabeth would marry and produce an heir to continue the Tudor line. She never did, despite numerous courtships. As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity. A cult grew around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day.

      In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and half-siblings had been.[2] One of her mottoes was "video et taceo" ("I see, and say nothing").[3] In religion she was relatively tolerant and avoided systematic persecution. After 1570, when the pope declared her illegitimate and released her subjects from obedience to her, several conspiracies threatened her life, all of which were defeated with the help of her ministers' secret service. Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, manoeuvring between the major powers of France and Spain. She only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands, France, and Ireland. By the mid-1580s, England could no longer avoid war with Spain. England's defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 associated Elizabeth with one of the greatest military victories in English history.

      Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era. The period is famous for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake. Some historians depict Elizabeth as a short-tempered, sometimes indecisive ruler,[4] who enjoyed more than her share of luck. Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity. Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor in an era when government was ramshackle and limited, and when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones. Such was the case with Elizabeth's rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, whom she imprisoned in 1568 and had executed in 1587. After the short reigns of Elizabeth's half-siblings, her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.

  • Sources 
    1. [S5] Dictionary of National Biography, Leslie Stephen (editor), (67 volumes. London: Smith, Elder. 1885-1903), Volume 17, page 203.

    2. [S5] Dictionary of National Biography, Leslie Stephen (editor), (67 volumes. London: Smith, Elder. 1885-1903), Volume 17, page 229.

    3. [S1] The Complete Peerage, Vicary Gibbs (ed.) and others, (13 volumes (in 14 parts). London: The St Catherine Press Ltd. 1910-1959 Volume 14 (addenda and corrigenda). Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd. 1998. Microprint edition of volumes 1-13. Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. First published 1982; reprinted 2000.), Volume 10, page 404.