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Queen Consort Anne Boleyn, Marchioness of Pembroke

Queen Consort Anne Boleyn, Marchioness of Pembroke

Female - 1536

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  • Name Anne Boleyn 
    Title Queen Consort 
    Suffix Marchioness of Pembroke 
    Gender Female 
    Sent to the Tower of London 2 May 1536  [1
    Tried 15 May 1536  Tower of London Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    _UID 4900C4FC09D7D711BA22444553540000DDB3 
    Died 19 May 1536  Tower Green, London Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried St Peter's in the Tower Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I16  Bourchiers
    Last Modified 4 Apr 2020 

    Father Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire, Earl of Ormond [Ireland] and Viscount Rochford 
    Mother Elizabeth Howard 
    _UID 7F00C4FC09D7D711BA224445535400001313 
    Family ID F21  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family King Henry Tudor, King Henry VIII, Duke of Cornwall,   b. 28 Jun 1491, Greenwich Palace, Greenwich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1547, Whitehall, London, Engand Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Married (ABT 25 Jan 1532/1533)  Whitehall Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    _UID 4A00C4FC09D7D711BA22444553540000DEC3 
    Children 
     1. Queen Elizabeth Tudor, Queen Elizabeth I,   b. 7 Sep 1533, Greenwich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1603  (Age 69 years)
    Family ID F13  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Anneboleyn
    Anneboleyn
    Keywords: Picture

  • Notes 
    • Anne Boleyn (/ˈbʊlɪn/, /bəˈlɪn/ or /bʊˈlɪn/)[3][4] (c. 1501[1] – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII, and Marquess of Pembroke in her own right.[5] Henry's marriage to Anne, and her subsequent execution, made her a key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation. Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, and was educated in the Netherlands and France, largely as a maid of honour to Claude of France. She returned to England in early 1522, to marry her Irish cousin James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond; the marriage plans were broken up by Cardinal Wolsey, and instead she secured a post at court as maid of honour to Henry VIII's wife, Catherine of Aragon.

      Early in 1523 Anne was secretly betrothed to Henry Percy, son of the 5th Earl of Northumberland. In January 1524, Cardinal Wolsey broke the betrothal, Anne was sent back home to Hever Castle, and Percy was married to Lady Mary Talbot, to whom he had been betrothed since adolescence. In February/March 1526, Henry VIII began his pursuit of Anne. She resisted his attempts to seduce her, refusing to become his mistress – which her sister Mary had been. It soon became the one absorbing object of Henry's desires to annul his marriage to Queen Catherine so he would be free to marry Anne. When it became clear that Pope Clement VII would not annul the marriage, the breaking of the power of the Catholic Church in England began. In 1532, Henry granted Anne the Marquessate of Pembroke.

      Henry and Anne married on 25 January 1533. On 23 May 1533, Thomas Cranmer declared Henry and Catherine's marriage null and void; five days later, he declared Henry and Anne's marriage valid. Shortly afterwards, the Pope decreed sentences of excommunication against Henry and Cranmer. As a result of this marriage and these excommunications, the first break between the Church of England and Rome took place and the Church of England was brought under the King's control. Anne was crowned Queen of England on 1 June 1533. On 7 September, she gave birth to the future Queen Elizabeth I. Henry was disappointed to have a daughter rather than a son but hoped a son would follow and professed to love Elizabeth. Anne subsequently had three miscarriages, and by March 1536, Henry was courting Jane Seymour.

      Henry had Anne investigated for high treason in April 1536. On 2 May she was arrested and sent to the Tower of London, where she was tried before a jury of peers – which included Henry Percy, her former betrothed, and her own uncle, Thomas Howard – and found guilty on 15 May. She was beheaded four days later. Modern historians view the charges against her, which included adultery, incest, and witchcraft, as unconvincing. Following the coronation of her daughter Elizabeth as queen, Anne was venerated as a martyr and heroine of the English Reformation, particularly through the works of John Foxe.[6] Over the centuries, she has inspired or been mentioned in numerous artistic and cultural works. As a result, she has retained her hold on the popular imagination. Anne has been called "the most influential and important queen consort England has ever had",[7] since she provided the occasion for Henry VIII to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, and declare his independence from Rome.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1] The Complete Peerage, Vicary Gibbs (ed.) and others, (13 volumes (in 14 parts). London: The St Catherine Press Ltd. 1910-1959 Volume 14 (addenda and corrigenda). Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd. 1998. Microprint edition of volumes 1-13. Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. First published 1982; reprinted 2000.), Volume 10, page 404.

    2. [S1] The Complete Peerage, Vicary Gibbs (ed.) and others, (13 volumes (in 14 parts). London: The St Catherine Press Ltd. 1910-1959 Volume 14 (addenda and corrigenda). Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd. 1998. Microprint edition of volumes 1-13. Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. First published 1982; reprinted 2000.), Volume 10, pages 404, 405.